We are inquiring into different wedding traditions.
First we observed different wedding photos, shared our thoughts and what we wanted to know.
Then we compared two different wedding traditions using a Venn Diagram.
We have been finding books in the library about festivals for our unit. Today following up from Esther and Gabriella's presentations for Show & Tell we read a book about Christmas. Afterwards we read a book about Hanukkah. We then created a Venn Diagram to compare the two.
Amy: Christmas is for Christians.
Isabel: Hanukkah is celebrated in Israel.
Charlie: Well, by Jewish people. There are lots of Jewish people in Israel, but there are Jewish people in other countries too.
Tesshin: At Christmas, there's Santa.
Gabriella: Or for some of us, magic kings.
Eiji: Both Christmas and Hanukkah people give presents.
Charlie: And they are both in the same season.
Eiji: And for Hanukkah, please give money.
Isaac: Like Chinese New Year.
Reyansh: For Christmas and Hanukkah people share food.
Esther: And light candles. Hanukkah, lighting candles is important. The menorah.
Joshua: There are trees for Christmas.
Gabriella: And you decorate them.
Isabel: Christmas is about baby Jesus.
Amy: It's Jesus' birthday.
Naoki: Christmas there is candy canes.
Esther: And mince pies.
Reyansh: Hanukkah is 8 days.
Charlie: When is Hanukkah exactly? I know it is the same season, like around now, but when? Maybe December 27th or something.
Ms Leah: I'm not sure. Let's find out. Ah. It's right now! This year Hanukkah is from December 2nd to December 10th.
Eiji: Really? Happy Hanukkah everyone!
Esther: This is my Show & Tell. And I celebrate Christmas. And this is a nativity scene. Christmas is the day that Jesus is born.
Mary was a young woman who lived in the town of Nazereth. She was going to marry Joseph, a carpenter. One day much to her surprise an angel visited her. “You will have a baby. He is the son of God. You must call him Jesus.”
Here is Mary. Here is the angel. And Mary was going to have a baby so she needed to ride on a donkey. And they kept going to inns, but there was no room. Finally she went to a stable. And the shepherd was looking after the animal. And three wisemen came and gave the presents to baby Jesus.
Two comments or questions?
Joshua: Why are the animals there?
Esther: Because they are in a stable and a stable is a place for animals.
Eiji: Is that book and this a set?
Esther: No. I chose to bring the book so I could read it. I’ll show you the pictures. It’s a pop up book.
Today we used a Venn Diagram to compare Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism.
Yoon Ho: Christians celebrate Christmas. It's Jesus' birthday.
Archan: Also Easter.
Gabriella: Easter is when Jesus died on the cross and rose again.
Esther: Or Good Friday is when he died, and Easter when he rose again.
Esther: Christians go to church.
Isabel: Or a cathedral.
Gabriella: Christians believe in one God.
Isabel: And so do Muslims. So that should go in the middle between Christianity and Islam.
Isabel: Also Christians believe when they die they go to Heaven.
Charlie: Or Hell.
Isabel: And Muslims believe in nirvana, which is almost the same.
Eiji: Muslims need to wash before praying.
Charlie: And they pray five times a day.
Reyansh: Muslims have to face a certain way when they pray. They have to face...
Archan: Oh what is it called?
Charlie: They have to face the direction of some place. It's in a country.
Ms Leah: Mecca? In Saudia Arabia?
Reyansh: Yes, they have to face the direction of Mecca.
And Muslims pray in a mosque.
Isabelle: There are specific times to pray.
Reyansh: And they celebrate Hari Raya.
Also, you need to take your shoes off at a mosque.
Archan: Also at the Buddhist temple, you take your shoes off.
Reyansh: And the Hindu temple.
Esther: Only the cathedral we didn't take our shoes off.
Isaac: Also Christian believe you should help others.
Archan: So do Hindus.
Esther: And Buddhists. I think that's true for all of the religions. Let's put it in the middle of all of them.
Reyansh: In Buddhism and Hinduism there are lots of gods.
Gabriella: The buddhist temple had tapestries and lots of mirrors.
Isaac: There were so many people.
Isabel: And lots of lights.
Archan: The Hindu temple also had candles.
Esther: So did the cathedral.
Amy: In the Buddhist temple, we ate vegetarian food.
Isabel: They eat vegetarian food, because they don't eat meat.
Charlie: Maybe it's better for their health.
Eiji: Or because animals are really special.
Charlie: Oh yah. Because they believe in reincarnation.
Reincarnation means when you die, you come back again.
Esther: But maybe as something else.
Isabel: Like if you are really bad, you might come back as something bad.
Isaac: Like a bug or something.
Eiji: Yes, maybe a cockroach.
Isabel: And if you are good, you come back as something good. Like maybe an eagle.
Julie: Or you may be a boy next time. Or a boy could be a girl next time.
Isabel: And that keeps happening again and again.
Reyansh: Hindus believe in reincarnation.
Charlie: And Buddhists also believe in reincarnation.
Eiji: Also most Buddhists and Hindus believe in giving offerings to gods.
Archan: Yes, like maybe some flowers or some food.
Reyansh: And when they give an offering to the gods, Hindus hold it onto a plate and carry it like this.
Archan: Also when you go to the temple, you go around in a certain way.
Reyansh: Right. You do.
Archan: You don't go to all of the gods at the same time. You go to one at a time.
Ms Florence: And in Buddhist temples, there is incense.
Reyansh: Oh yah! In Hindu temples too!
Julie: And some of the gods had like 5 hands.
Archan: Can I tell you about two of the Hindu gods? There is Rama and Lakshmana.
Eiji: And at the Hindu temple, there was really loud music.
Isabel: For the gods.
Eiji: No, not for the gods. For the people.
Isabel: No, it was for the gods.
Eiji: Oh, it was? Okay.
Esther: At the Christian church, there was also music.
Eiji: There was an organ.
Reyansh: I think music is true of all of them.
Joshua: Yes, the mosque there was one boy learning a song.
Charlie: And Hindu's celebrate Deepavali.
Isabel: Oh yes. That just passed awhile ago.
Archan: There are lots of paintings in the Hindu temples. Even the temple ceiling was painted.
Archan: Also in the Hindu temple, animals are really respected. Do you remember all of those birds? They had food, but they weren't shooing all of the birds away.
Many Hindus are also vegetarian.
Charlie: Oh and there is one animal Hindus never eat, right?
Yoon Ho: It's the cow.
Reyansh: Oh ya, that's right!
Esther: Also for Muslims there is an animal they never eat, right?
Gabriella: Pig. Muslims never eat pigs.
Eiji: In the Buddhist temple there was lots of gold.
Archan: Yes, there were so many gold statues.
Gabriella: The Christian church was also beautiful. It had stained glass windows.
Esther: Actually they were all quite fancy, except the mosque.
Eiji: In the mosque there were not statues. He said they don't believe in having statues and other fancy things. Also there was no furniture.
Esther: They believe it should be more simple.
Archan: And both the Buddhist temple and the Hindu temple had oranges. Remember?
Isabel: Yes, they are offerings.
Eiji: And in each of the places, Ms Leah, you gave money.
Yoon Ho: That was a donation.
Eiji: Yes, in each place you gave a donation.
Archan: It's to help them help the poor people.
Charlie: For Buddhists there is a special day, but I can't remember the name.
Ms Leah: Vesak Day? Buddha's birthday?
Gabriella: Also before Hari Raya, Muslims can't eat.
Esther: That's right. They fast.
Eiji: What does that mean?
Gabriella: It means they can't eat.
Charlie: When the sun is up.
Esther: Sometimes fasting is just giving up something.
Isabel: Yes, Christians fast sometimes too.
Esther: Actually they are all kind of the same in some ways.
Archan: Yes. Like help people and do good things.
Today we took the inventory of the food for the Singapore Food Bank. This required we sort food into categories, specific type of food, and weight, and carefully record the information onto the inventory sheets. We then checked the expiry dates of the items.
We are becoming very adept at locating and recording the information on our own.
We are learning about dates. For example, if a can of food expires in 2021, we know that it is still good as 2021 comes after 2018.
We are learning about months of the year. We know it is now the 12th month so if the year is 2018 and the month is before 12 then it has expired.
We are learning to make estimates. Sometimes when the weight is not on the package, we need to make estimates about how much the item weighs.
We are learning about using teamwork. Just look how well we are working together in the photos!
Eiji: In Japan, we celebrate New Year’s Eve. And it is a very special day because the New Year is going to come. And it’s a special day in Japan.
First the title is New Year’s Eve and then New Year’s Day.
New Year’s Eve is a big cleaning day. You have to clean up all the things in your room. All the things. And all the tables. You have to clean all the things. And we eat soba. Soba is a noodle that is very thin and long. And it means long life. And we are eating at midnight, 12:00. Then the Buddhist temple will ring. They ring the bell 108 times. If you do something 108 times, it erases all the bad things.
Then it is New Year’s Day. We visit to a Buddhist temple or Shinto shrine. If you are close, the Shinto shrine and not a Buddhist temple, you will go to a Shinto shrine. And this is the really exciting part. Adults give money to children. We eat rice cakes prepared in soup. It’s a special meal for the New Year’s celebration.
The first one is chestnuts. It means more money. Because it is like a money colour. Prawns mean long life.
Comments or questions?
Isabel: Where did you get the idea?
Eiji: Because this is the Japanese celebration. The most important one.
Eiji: First it was the shinto shrine. Then Buddhism came to Japan from India and it became popular. So people started going to Buddhist temples too. But you can choose. It’s not like you have to go to one or the other. Whatever is closer you can choose.
Yoon Ho: Who helped you prepare the Show & Tell?
Eiji: My mom.
Isaac: That one is so pretty.
Joshua: What did you eat?
Eiji: It’s a special meal.
Joshua: What is the special meal?
Eiji: I can only remember two.
Ms Leah: What are the differences between Shintoism and Buddhism?
We decided to watch a video to find out.
Archan: This is my Show & Tell. Can you sit at the tables? I’m going to start by giving you something to eat.
Write a number on the sticky note.
I’m going to talk about Anzac Day. I brought you food for Anzac Day. So Anzac Day is from Australia and New Zealand. They went to have a war and won. And then over 1 million people died in that war.
The moms only made Anzac biscuits, because they have a lot of sugar in them so they would last a long time on the ship. They sailed on ships to go there. To a beach far away.
So they had a ship and they gave them to the soldiers before the war. But I don’t know why they have a celebration.
Charlie: I know a little about Anzac Day. A lot of people died in the war. In World War I and World War II. It is to remember the people who died.
Ms Leah: And the importance of peace.
Archan: So a lot of people died. So people went on the ship and they landed on the beach, and they had a battle. So Australian soldiers and New Zealand soldiers joined together for the battle.
Joshua: Your Show & Tell was good. It was interesting to learn about the wars.
Julie: I think it was good, because we can learn more about it.
Yesterday we went on a field trip to places of worship. We visited an Anglican cathedral, an Islamic mosque, a Hindu temple and a Buddhist temple.
Isabel: They have song books.
Eiji: There was something to kneel down on to pray.
Julie: We learned many things about Jesus.
Yoon Ho: We saw the cross.
Archan: That symbolises the cross Jesus died on.
Eiji: There was an eagle statue in church. Because the eagle is very strong. And there was a lion at the bottom because the lion is the strongest land animal.
Archan: They were like a marble thing. The eagle is the fastest and strongest sky animal. And the lions were at the bottom. They are the strongest land animal.
Gabriella: The eagle was holding the bible.
Isabel: There was the largest book there.
Eiji: Artists painted the stained glass windows so they could remember who was Mathew , Mark, Luke and John. So one had a lion, one had an ox, one had an angel, and one had an eagle. This was to remember which was which, because it was in a language not everyone could not understand.
Isabel: They built the stained glass so when the sun shines on the glass, it looks like heaven.
Joshua: The glass was shiny and the sun was there so the glass was shinier and shinier, because many colours.
Archan: You can be baptised as a baby or as an adult. If your parents want you to get baptised as a baby, they get water and put it on your head. If you want to get baptised as an adult, you walk into a kind of pool.
Gabriella: Also your mom and dad choose when you are a baby or as an adult you choose.
Julie: There was water in it.
Esther: For communion, you go up to the front and take one piece of bread.
Eiji: There was music on the top and there was a string, and it was attached to the ground. If you play it, it moves. There was also a piano on the bottom.
Eijji: We learned that there are 2,000,000 living in Saudia Arabia.
Archan: The mosque is facing Saudia Arabia, all the mosques.
Esther: You need to wash yourself before you go into the mosque.
Gabriella: There are two rooms. One for the boys. One for the girls.
Eiji: If you finish washing, the imam will say something with the microphone. That is a good thing to talk.
Joshua: It is good to talk to the imam. He will talk to some people. He gives people advice.
Isabel: On Fridays they have a special day.
Charlie: To the mosque.
Archan: The boys have to go. The girls can choose if they want to go.
Charlie: They go to mecca to pray.
Eiji: They have to clocks. You have to pray at those times.
Yoon Ho: Five.
Yoon Ho: They pray there. I saw a god with four hands.
Joshua: They pray to gods so they can have food, and water and clothes. If they don't pray to gods, the gods won't give them food or anything they want.
Archan: It's like a god. His name is Rama. He has a bow and arrow. So they went to a forest and the forest name is it's called Duntaka Forest.
Gabriella: Also there was loud music.
Isabel: The loud music was for the gods.
Eiji: Ms Leah put a donation in a donation box to the temple.
Archan: Because we give money to the temple, so they can help people. There are many different temples. All temples have gods. The music is the time you have pray.
Joshua: If you don't go to the temples, the gods won't give you anything. You might not have food.
Yoon Ho: The food is used for an offering to the gods when they pray. How many times do you pray to the gods?
Archan: Once a day. You can choose. You don't have to go everyday. You can go sometimes.
Reyansh: The food is when you pray. You hold up the dish and then you put your hands together and make a circle with them.
Archan: There are three ways to prays. There is one way which you are not supposed to do it. You are not supposed to put your back to the gods. It's disrespectful. You are supposed to cover all of your skin up. So for the girls it's all covered up. It's a called a saree.
Reyansh: For the boys it's called a kurta.
Archan: You can do this way. Or you can do this way. And also the one you go downwards. For the girls you have to do this. For the boys you have to touch the ground.
At the Buddhist Temple, we had a vegetarian lunch.
After that, we went to Fort Canning Park where we played Capture the Flag.