Charlie: Coal Miner’s Lamp by Charlie Fellow
This is my grandpa’s coal miner lamp. It is also known as a Davey Lamp. He was a coal miner in England. He used when he went underground. He would give one of these tags on the lamp to the man before he went underground so they knew who it was down there incase of an accident.
Maria: Did your grandparent go underground?
Charlie: Yes. This is torch. They use torches today. Any more questions? I’ll pass them around.
Ms Leah: Why do people use the torch today, instead of the coal miner’s lamp?Ray: The torch has batteries in it so it’s easier. You can carry it around more easily. Ben: The lamp is gas and you have to light it. And the gas can run out.
Maria: And the torch is safer. The lamp can cause a fire.
Ben: How old is it? Do you know how old your grandpa is?
Charlie: Maybe 81?
Yuuki: Your grandpa would give which tag? Are they both the same?
Yuuki: What is NCV?
Charlie: I don’t know.
Ben: Maybe National Coal something?
Charlie: Who knows this sound?
Olivia: The batteries?
Charlie: You are close. It’s something that bounces.
Kou: A spring?
Ben: I haven’t seen the silver one.
Charlie: All of these tags are the same ones.
Ben: Can I see the lamp please?
Charlie: Yes, I’m just going to pass it around.
Yuuki: There’s something on it.
Maria: Those are the numbers so that they would know it belonged to Charlie’s grandpa and not somebody different.
Ben: Maybe I know what CB means, but not NCB.
Charlie: Now we are going to do the torch light and the lamp.
Okay, who had the silver one?
Ben: The lamp goes around here. The otrch goes aorund here.
Yuuki: How do you turn on this?
Charlie: You can’t. It’s broken.
Maria: What’s in here?
Charlie: This is the one where the light goes up. The flame.
Kou: There’s no battery.
Ms Leah: Is that the same as flashlights you have at home?
Maria: They are a bit smaller ones at home. And I think they have stronger batteries. It’s so in the dark tunnels they can see.
Amelia: It’s different than the one I have in my house because this bit can move to different angles.
Ray: What is this for?
Charlie: This is for …
Charlie: You carry it from the hook
I think if you pull it, the gas lamp might go on. So don’t pull it.
Ben: What’s inside here?
Ray: If you pull it very hard, the fire would go on.
Maria: It would need to have gas inside.
Charlie: This lamp, the one that Yuuki has right now, is about 40 years old.
Yuuki: Charlie, I know what this is for. This opens. It’s for clipping on something.
Ben: So you can clip it on a rock or something and have your hands free.
Yuuki: How come this can turn?
Maria: To open it.
After seeing the amount of plastic cutlery that gets wasted from canteen lunches and special occasions, she wanted to take action. After using a plastic spoon during a special occasion, she washed it so it could be reused. She then suggested others could do the same. This became her action. She went home that weekend and made some posters asking others to do the same. When she came back to school she asked if she could visit the ES classes to speak to them about it.
Hyuga: The world's fastest express train is the Japanese Maglev.
Maglev train is not running on the track with wheels.
Shinkansen with 420 tons is raised by 10 cm at a ultra super speed of up to 505 km / h.
Maglev trains use electrically charged magnets to liF and move carriages above the rail tracks.
Japanese Maglev train is 603 km/hr.
Irfan: The history of the telephone. Alexander Graham Bell was the inventor of the telephone when he made the first call on March 10, 1876 to his assistant Thomas Watson.
This is the first sentence he said:
"Mr Watson--come here-- I want to see you."
Now I want to say something to you all:
"Hello... hello... Hello are you still there?"
This is some of the old model telephones in my mom's friend's house. His family are collectors of antique telephones. Has anyone seen these models before?
Yuuki: What is this writing?
Irfan: Alexander was talking to Mr Watson.
Charlie: Who invented the telephone?
Irfan: Alexander Bell.
Okay, next I prepared a video on how the first telephone was invented. I hope you all enjoy the video. Thank you.
Charlie: What was the first telephone like?
We decided to watch another video to find out more.
Charlie: But why did everyone want to rush to invent the telephone.
Maria: Maybe they wanted to be famous.
Olivia: Maybe they wanted to be the first to do something.
Ben: Maybe they wanted to be really, really, really rich.
Charlie: Did Alexander Bell invent all of the telephones?
Ben: No, that was a long time ago. He died. Someone else invented the other ones.
Yuuki: I think I know who invented the first smart phone. But I forget.... Jobs something. Yes. Steve Jobs.
Ray: From Apple.
Charlie: But why did they need to keep inventing newer and newer things?
Olivia: Maybe it makes them better.
Ben: Like things are easier.
Maria: And faster.
Amelia: And you can do other things.
Maria: And sometimes its cheaper.
Ben: And they can make money.
Ms Leah: Is technology good or bad?
Ben: Well, you can do a lot of new things with it.
Yuuki: But sometimes people don't pay attention. They just use their smart phones all of the time.
Ben: That's true.
Olivia: And using an iPad or something all of the time is bad for your eyes.
Charlie: Yes technology can be bad for your eyes.
Maria: Hmm, I think maybe it is good and a little bad.
Ms Leah: Why don't we have a debate tomorrow?
Amelia: Good morning everyone. Today I would like to share with you some cameras. This is my daddy’s old camera. It has this special roll. This roll allows you to take only 24 photos. The roll goes inside the camera. The roll goes in across like this.
This is what it is like inside the camera.
You have to open this up and take the photos through there. There’s no screen. So you have to be careful with your photo. And you can look through here.
When the roll goes across here, when you take a photo from the lens, the lens shines through this and makes a photo.
This only takes a film.
Ben: Can you take a photo?
Amelia: No, it’s old. It’s not working anymore.
Ben: If it takes 24 photos, how many holes does it have?
Amelia: I’m not sure.
Amelia: And this photo, you cannot delete it. You cannot edit it.
Ben: Okay, so you’d better take very good pictures.
Mrs Florence: Do you need to have a battery for your camera?
Amelia: I think so.
Amelia: This is a digital camera. The digital camera has a special computer chip. I will take it out. A memory card.
Ben: You also have to put one of those in your computer.
Ray: And your phone.
Amelia: And this memory card allows you to take as many photos as you want.
This camera has a screen. But this camera doesn’t have a screen.
This camera you can take videos and pictures. And it doesn’t have a film roll like this.
This you can edit it, change, and take a video. And you can see the pictures on the screen.
Ben: Is that your camera?
Amelia: This is the same as this camera.
Ben: It’s fancier.
Amelia: This is the same as this camera and it has a chip. It’s so tiny, so please do not lose it.
Yuuki: How come it is smaller?
Amelia: I don’t know.
Maria: Can you take a picture of us?
Amelia: With this one, I can. I’m just trying to put the memory card back in first. Now I’m trying to put this thing on.
Maria: There I’ve got it.
Amelia: I’ll try to turn it on and see if it works.
Ben: Is that a video game?
Yuuki: This is a video game?
Ben: What do all of the buttons do?
Amelia: This button turns it on and off. This is the delete button.
This is the pause button.
This is the sound volume.
This is the home button.
This is the star button.
This is the okay button.
This is the erase button.
This screen tells you how many photos you have left.
Ben: Does that one work anymore?
Amelia: No. And this is the flash.
Any other questions?
Charlie: Where did you get these two cameras?
Amelia: Well, this one is my dad’s. And this one is also my dad’s.
Maria: Where did you get the kid one?
Amelia: I’m not sure.
Yuuki: Amelia, what is this?
Amelia: It does two things. It’s the flash. The flash is the light that helps to take the photo. And this also changes the colour.
Irfan: Where did you buy that? The one that you are holding?
Amelia: Kid Zoom.
Any other questions.
Yuuki: What are these two buttons?
Amelia: This is for taking the photo.
And I think this might be the timer.
Amelia: Can you please sit in a circle and I will pass them around?
Sit in a circle, please.
So this one I will pass this way.
And this one I will pass that way.
You can unroll it if you want to.
Now I’m going to pass around these ones.
Charlie: This is very long.
Ben: Some rolls like that one go in here (pointing to a book about inventions).
Yuuki: I can show this one.
Amelia: There’s nothing in that one. It’s just a case.
This is its case.
Mrs Florence: This one is a zoom. Some cameras you can zoom up closer.
Charlie: One of my friends, I think, they had some of these.
Maria: What is this thing?
Amelia: It’s so you can zoom out.
Maria: How do you open this?
Amelia: You can’t.
Ray: What goes in here?
Amelia: The memory card.
Charlie: I can’t believe it. That’s so cool!
Amelia: If you press this, it will come out.
Charlie: You have to make sure it’s not touching the inside.
Amelia: Okay, has everyone seen it?
These two are finished.
Can I have all the cameras? Can I have the things back please?
here to edit.
Olivia: The Korean fastest train is KTX. It's more than 110 years since the first train was built.
And the fastest train is KTX. It goes 295 to 300 km/hr.
So this is KTX. This is all KTX.
This one is ITX, but the KTX is fastest.
Irfan: Is the KTX long?
Olivia: Quite long.
Maria: How fast is the ITX compared to the KTX?
Olivia: I don't know. Before the ITX was the fastest, but now the KTX is.
Yuuki: This is the horse and Tokyo to Osaka we would need 3-4 days to go. And speed, the horse's speed was 15 km and it was 1850, a long time ago. And also the rider and horse needed to rest everyday. And almost all women couldn't ride.
And this is called kago. And it was made in 1900, many years ago. It's speed was 6 km/hr. It used to take four days to go. All day you could go. The customer could sleep. The men carrying the kago would change. Tokyo had many inns you could go to so the men who were changing her could sleep and the driver would change to someone else.
And bicycles. Bicycles were made in 1860. They went 15 km/hr. The rider needed 5 or 7 days to go. Riders needed much rest, because their legs would get pain.
And here's a bike. It was made in 1940 and it was 40km/hr and 15 hours to go. Riders could move in a day. Riders needed a licence.
And car were built in 1950. And cars had protecting. They went 50km. And it took 12 hours to go. And 4-6 people could move together.
And the Shinkansen was made in1964. It goes 220km/hr. And it takes 3 hours to Tokyo from Osaka. Also the Shinkansen can take many people. The Shinkansen cannot go off the train tracks.
And 2027 the Maglev will be built. And that will be 600 km/hr. And that's 1 hour.
Irfan: Is that train new? The Maglev?
Yuuki: Yes, it's not made yet. They are still testing it.
Hyuga: The history of the Shinkansen. This is all the types of Shinkansens.
This is a new type of Shinkansen.
This is the Japanese first model.
These are the top fastest trains in the world.
The maximum speed is 603 km/hr.
Maria: My Show & Tell is about trains in South Africa.
The first locomotive arrived in South Africa in 1859.
Her name was Blackie. She was used in the construction of the first railway line.
She was a steam train.
There were also horse-drawn trams that carried people in the 1860s.
Many new railway lines opened in the late 1800s.
The first electric tram opened in 1896.
The South African Railways Company invented the gas-electric locomotive in 1923. It was an experiment and it worked!
In 1925 the first electric locomotives started to run in South Africa.
Then came the diesel-electric trains in 1939.
In 1959 diesel-hydraulic trains came to South Africa. They didn't use any electricity-only diesel power.
In 1984 South African Railways started the first high-speed train service for passengers between the two big cities of Johannesburg and Pretoria. It was called MetroBlitz.
By the time most trains were now electric or diesel-electric and no long steam driven.
In 2006 the government started building a new high-speed train service between Johannesburg and Pretoria. This is the most modern train in South Africa and it is called Gautrain. It opened in time for 2010 Soccer World Cup held in South Africa.
We'll pass the pictures around later. And now for the first video.
It's probably enough of that video if you want to switch now to the second. The second video is abut the longest train in the world.
Fun Fact: In 1989 South Africa held the record for the longest and heaviest train.
Anri: Hi everyone, I will show you the Japanese Bullet train. They are called 'Shinkansen' in Japan. This picture is first Shinkansen in Japan. They are born in 1964. The fastest speed it could be was 160km/hour.
Next, this is present Shinkansen. This type of Shinkansen can be 300km.
Maria: What are the differences between them?
Ben: One is old and one is new.
Amelia: One is much faster than the other.
Ben: Can we research it?
We are a class of Grade 1 students at an international school in Singapore hoping to share our learning with you.