On Monday we presented what we found out about our research topics.
How can we peacefully resolve conflicts between poachers and rangers?
Why do people kill animals for fun?
Why do they kill animals for money?
What can be done?
The class decided that they could tell people they know not to buy ivory, rhino tusks or animal furs. Also they decided companies could set up factories or offices in countries with poaching problems so poachers can get good jobs and support their families without killing wildlife.
How can people peacefully resolve inner conflicts?
What are emotions? Are they good or bad? How can you control them?
The group decided they were going to try using Kelso's Choices, such as walking away and cooling off when they feel angry or upset. They also suggested talking to a friend, parent, teacher, or sibling if feeling stressed, anxious or depressed. They made posters about emotions.
How can we peacefully resolve group conflicts and stop countries going to war?
The class learned that war can be avoided through peace talks. The group also decided that voters should be careful who they vote for as some people just want power, and that can be dangerous. To make their lives more peaceful, the group said it's important to be caring and open-minded.
How can conflicts be peacefully resolved at school?
What kind of conflicts do people have at school?
How do they resolve them right now?
As the group discovered most students asked their parents for help with conflicts they decided to make signs to put up around school spreading awareness about our conflict resolution box.
Friday was Grade 1-2 House League soccer.
Great job everyone who took part in the soccer on Friday! We are looking for round 2 this Friday!
Our emotions group has been researching emotions, where emotions come from, whether they are good or bad. They decided to invite Earl, Claire's brother, Ellie and Niamh into class to share what they learned about emotions during their research into anxiety, depression and stress for Grade 5 Exhibition.
Shotaro: What are emotions?
Niamh: Feelings, opinions, how you express yourself.
Earl: Yes, how you express yourself.
Niamh: A reflex to something that happens to you.
Ellie: A reaction.
Shotaro: Why do we have emotions?
Niamh: It's just how we are.
Ellie: If you were depressed, for example, your whole brain would be blue. A healthy brain would be different colours.
Shotaro: How can emotions be good or bad?
Ellie: When you are depressed, you may not eat.
Earl: You might not do the things you like to do.
Niamh: You might just want to stay in your room all day. If someone asks you to do something, you might make an excuse and say you are sick or something. But really you just really don't want to do anything.
Ellie: You just want to be alone. And you probably don't want to talk about it to anyone, like your parents or anything.
Griff: Do you still play Lego or use your iPad?
Earl: Probably not.
Niamh: Well, you might, but you might not really enjoy it, and you might do it alone instead.
Earl: Anxiety is like an automatic thought. It's like you are afraid of something and it's probably never going to happen, but still you are afraid of it.
Niamh: Like you might think you are going to fall or something, even though there is almost no chance you will fall.
The good thing about emotions is they are natural.
Earl: Yes, they are natural.
Niamh: And they kind of help you understand.
Ellie: And if you didn't have emotions, you would just have nothing. You would feel like empty inside.
Earl: But if you have these kind of emotions, like depression, stress, anxiety, the best thing is to talk to someone about it. Like a school counsellor. A school counsellor would listen to you and give you advice and stuff.
Ellie: Or you could also talk to your parents.
Niamh: Or your teacher.
Earl: Or a big brother or sister.
Niamh: Or a really close friends. Basically, talk to anyone you trust.
When Ms Gammon's Grade 3 class heard about our inquiry, she said her class had also looked at emotions earlier in the year and had made a book together called "Keep Calm And Make a Choice". Lucas and Medea came in and shared it with us.
Keep Calm And Make A Choice
Keep calm and play games!
Keep calm and go for a walk outside.
Keep calm and sing.
Keep calm and eat ice.
Keep calm and play Minecraft.
Keep calm and eat ice cream.
Keep calm and run around.
Keep calm and count up.
Keep calm and talk to my friend.
Keep calm and play video games.
Keep calm and just do it!
When the group researching conflict between rangers and poachers, and conservationists and others profiting from the wildlife trade presented to the class their research plans, it was suggested perhaps they could also 'ask an expert'.
Arwyn: My aunt and uncle protect turtles and sharks in Australia. My uncle has to like track the sharks and things.
Teddy: Like the scientist was doing to the birds when we went to Sungei Buloh.
Arwyn: Maybe I could ask them for you.
Nora: And my sister knows quite a bit, because she researched it for her exhibition. We could ask her.
We emailed Ms Batlaw and asked whether Tuva and her group members would be interested in coming to speak to us and answer some of our classes. Ms Batlaw told us they would be happy to and today they paid us a visit!
Xianhang: People want the elephant tusks for ivory. So people kill them for their tusks.
Southeast Asia buys the elephant tusks.
From 2010 to 2012, 33,000 elephants were killed every year.
Emanie: So they aren't anymore?
Tuva: No, they still are. It's every year, about that.
Kieta: 33,000 is 33 and three zeros behind it.
Xianhang: China buys elephant tusks, because they think it's good for luck and good for health. And it shows how rich they are.
You can buy ivory in China.
Tuva: Like in Africa it's not illegal, but in many other countries it is, like China. In some places you will get a large fine.
Emanie: How do they get the tusks out?
Xianhang: They kill the elephant and cut the tusks out.
Tuva: Sometimes they don't even kill it. They just cut the tusks out.
Nora: How are the statues made?
Xianhang: They are carved.
Griff: Why do they want 'raw' ivory?
Praveen: Because they can do anything they want with them. They can make whatever they want.
Adam: Why are they burning the ivory?
Tuva: Because they don't want people to profit from it. So maybe it's confiscated.
Lucy: But why do they just destroy it?
Tuva: Because if people know that is going to happen, maybe they won't kill the elephants anymore.
Arwyn: But if it's illegal in most countries, how do people get it?
Xianhang: They buy it on the black market.
Griff: What's the black market?
Tuva: It's when they sell things in secret, things that are illegal.
Johnny: But how do they know where to go then?
Xianhang: Maybe someone asks them if they want to buy it and tells them where to go.
Tuva: Or maybe they look on the Internet.
Praveen: It's done kind of in secret, though. And it's not just ivory. It's lots of other things too. Like illegal pets.
Praveen: And are we just here to talk about poaching of elephants or can we talk about other animal rights issues too?
Ms Leah: Sure, we'd be interested in hearing about other issues too, wouldn't we, Class?
Praveen: What would you do if you saw a snake like this?
Johnny: Walk away. Like slowly walk away.
Griff: Yah, like give it space and slowly back away from it.
Siena: And go upstairs or wherever.
Praveen: Would you kill it?
Praveen: No, but some people would. The best thing you can do, after you safe, is go upstairs and call ACRES. Has anyone heard of ACRES?
Praveen: What's ACRES?
Arwyn: They rescue animals, wild animals.
Griff: Like if an animal is hurt or something.
Praveen: So actually ACRES says if the snake is in the wild and it's not trapped or anything then you should just leave it and it will go away, but if it is trapped or it's not in the wild then you should call them. Don't try and trap it yourself or anything.
Adam: But is it poisonous?
Praveen: No, that one is a python. It's not poisonous, but it's big and dangerous. And there are lots and lots of them in Singapore.
Adam: Why aren't they dangerous to ACRES?
Praveen: Because they know how to handle them. Also do you know what this is?
Class: It's a monitor lizard.
Praveen: And there are lots of monitor lizards in Singapore, and they can grow to be really big.
Griff: Are they bigger than a Komodo?
Praveen: No, a Komodo dragon is the largest lizard in the world, but monitor lizards are the second largest. They are usually found in canals, because they like water. Again, if there is one injured or trapped, you can call ACRES.
And do you see these birds? These are rock pigeons and some people want to kill them.
Praveen: Because they don't like them. There are lots of them in Singapore and some people don't like them so they poison them. ACRES will give them medical help and release them.
Arwyn: But why don't people like the rock pigeons?
Praveen: They don't like them.
Xianhang: And maybe they think they can carry disease.
Praveen: And people don't care about this bird, but because they put out poison for the rock pigeon then this bird also dies.
Adam: What happens if someone poisons them?
Praveen: ACRES will help the bird.
Adam: But what if ACRES actually see someone poisoning them? Will they go to jail?
Tuva: They'd probably get a fine.
Praveen: Do you know this animal? It's an Indian Star Tortoise? And have you seen one before?
Praveen: In the wild?
Praveen: Well, you shouldn't have, because actually they are not a native species to Singapore. What happens is some people bring like 300 babies in one luggage to Singapore. Then they sell it to people, especially Chinese people because they think it is good luck. Then some people get bored of them and they release them into the wild, and they affect the native ecosystem. ACRES rescues them.
Griff: But how can they put like 300 baby turtles in one suitcase?
Praveen: They are really small. They are like this.
Claire: But how can they even survive in there?
Praveen: That's the thing. They can't. Maybe they put 300 in there and maybe only 100 survive.
Johnny: But how do they get them through the airport?
Tuva: The machines at the airport mostly pick up metal and they are hidden. So a lot of the machines don't pick them up.
Griff: But it's so expensive, the ivory, will people still kill the elephants?
Xianhang: What you can do is stop buying ivory and tell others not to. Black market is also tiger skin, shark's tooth, etc. Also illegal pets are sold.
Praveen: Have you seen our elephant garden?
Arwyn: Yes, it's all the bottles. The colourful bottles.
Praveen: And it's different now, because we planted some plants around it.
Arwyn: But why is it there?
Tuva: It's to spread awareness.
Keita: I read an elephant before. In Thailand.
Praveen: Yes, probably many of us have. Who else has? But actually it's not so good, because they are trained since they are babies and sometimes they are hit and things.
Lucy: And sometimes their legs are chained together, I saw.
Praveen: And we also have a quick video to show you.
Siena: Do you know anything about the people who are trying to stop poaching from happening?
Tuva: Yes, a lot of countries have made it illegal to traffic in ivory.
Siena: But what about the people in Africa trying to protect the animals? Like the rangers.
Tuva: We didn't really learn about that.
The group inquiring into how conflicts can be peacefully resolved at school wanted to find out what kind of conflicts people at ISS were having. They reported their research plans back to the class, and received feedback suggesting they could create a survey.
Two students decided to work on writing a survey, while the other group members made posters to put around the school advertising the conflict box.
When Johnny got home, he told his mom about his group's plans to survey students at school about the types of conflicts they have and how they resolve them. Deirdre then volunteered to come to class and offer her expertise in marketing and creating and interpreting surveys.
Deirdre: Have you thought about what you want to find out?
Arwyn: Have you ever had a conflict? What types of conflict do you have?
Deirdre: Those would be good questions for inside our survey, but we need to think about the big idea we want to answer first. Would it be how do we peacefully resolve conflicts?
There are lots of ways we can do the survey questions. You could use a smiley face or sad face, 'yes or no', 'agree or disagree'. You could do it online using Survey Monkey.
Emma: You could do a check and a cross like mine.
Deirdre: Sure. I asked Johnny about how many people he wants to ask and he said everyone.
Emma: I asked my group and my group said I needed to make more and more.
Arwyn: For everyone on the playground.
Deirdre: While that is a nice idea to ask everyone, it is probably too ambitious. You probably want to start with, for example all of Grade 1. Have a group, for example, a certain age. Even in this class we have a nice cross sample.
When you are doing a survey, how many questions do you want to ask?
Emma: About 5.
Arwyn: 5 or 6.
Deirdre: Not more than...
Griff: Not more than about 10.
Deirdre: You can do open-ended questions. For example, you could ask what somebody's favourite movie is and they could answer. Or you can ask close-ended questions, 'yes or no', smiley faces or give 2 or more options.
Once we do our survey, we can do a graph. For example, a bar graph. Do you use bar graphs?
Deirdre: So after you get your surveys back, you can make a graph and interpret your results.
Who uses the conflict box is it just for the class or for everyone?
Emma: It's for everyone.
Deirdre: Does everyone know about it?
Emma: Well, like everyone on this floor.
Griff: But actually right now it is mainly us that's using it. Maybe we could tell the student council reps, Adam and Arwyn, to talk about it at the assembly.
Siena: And posters around the school to tell people about it.
Arwyn: That's what we are planning to do. We started making one yesterday.
Johnny: And we are going to put out more conflict boxes in different places.
Deirdre: Okay, if it's mostly this floor, should we start by asking the Grade 1 and 2 students?
Arwyn: And maybe the Grade 3 students too.
Deirdre: Should we give possible answers?
Deirdre: Okay, so first question?
Emma: Do you have conflicts?
Griff: But everyone has conflicts.
Nora: Yes, everyone does. Well, unless you are like a small baby or something.
Arwyn: Maybe they have conflicts too.
Deirdre: Okay, should we start with the assumption that everyone has conflicts then? Who helps you with conflicts?
Griff pointing to Ms Leah: Teacher.
Siena: Kelso's Choices.
Deirdre: Do you ever solve conflicts on your own?
Emanie: Or sometimes your friends help you.
Adam: Brothers, sisters...
Deirdre: We can type in the question and add the choices.
What are Kelso's Choices?
Emma: The frogs are giving examples of things you can do if you have a conflict, like you can ignore it, talk it out, tell them to stop, cool off...
Arwyn: Go to another game.
Emma: Another question maybe what kind of conflicts do they have. Do they fight over the toys?
Griff: Different ideas. Like maybe one person thinks this book is the best, and another thinks a different book is the best.
Siena: Maybe whether a story is true or not. Like one person thinks it's a true story and the other one thinks it is not true. Also secrets.
Claire: Hurt feelings.
Emma: Over balls, whose turn it is.
Deirdre: Okay, what else should we ask?
Ms Leah: Should we include a question about internal conflict?
Ms Leah: What are some possible answers about a type of internal conflict someone might have?
Griff: Like being afraid of something.
Emanie: Yesterday, Emma was really scared. I tried to help her. I said, "Don't worry, Emma. I'm coming!"
Siena: I was helping Lucy, because she was really scared. I had an internal conflict, because the instructors kept telling me to keep going but I wanted to help Lucy. It was a conflict between following the rules and helping my friend.
Lucy: I was mostly scared, because I'm afraid of heights.
Emma: I kept looking down and it was very, very high. I didn't think it was going to be so high. I got scared and I couldn't move.
Johnny: I tried to help Ethan. Then I went past him. Then he went past me. We made a double knot. So the guy had to come over and cut it.
Arwyn: I was walking and shaking. I didn't want to keep going.
Griff: We can ask what kind of internal conflicts do you have? Like are you afraid of something.
Siena: Do I follow the rules or do I break them to help someone?
Lucy: Is it okay to do something you know is wrong?
Shotaro: Peer pressure
Once we finished our survey, we shared the link with the Grade 2 and 3 teachers and asked them to share it with their students.
Grade 1 students can answer the survey using the link below: